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Secondary Education – Where are we today?

Nigeria is on the cusp of its 5th uninterrupted Democratic elections. At this juncture, the vote of Nigerian citizens will cause power shifts, both small and seismic in scale. It is import that the discourse around the elections be issue driven in order to move the country forward.

There is no better time to critically analyze and appraise the performance of Nigeria’s education policy at the different levels of governance. Without creating winners and losers, this is an exercise in critical self examination. We must understand where we failed and why. Similarly with our successes.

Education In Nigeria

Infographic NCCN education


The West African Examination Council May/June 2014:  Ghana

The West African Senior School Certificate Exam 2014 Summary: Nigeria

On that note, the issue of Education in Nigeria remains paramount. Education is a key pillar of development in Nigeria and one of the key Millenium Development Goals. Based on this premise we analyzed the most recent WASSCE results. It takes an average of six years for a secondary school intake to prepare for and sit the West African Senior School Certificate Exam (WASSCE). This span of time is sufficient enough for an administration’s education policy to take shape and yield output.  


NCCN Education pass rate WAEC (WASSCE)

NCCN Education Pass rate WAEC State breakdown

NCCN WAEC Pass rate by region

An analysis of the results statistics reveals that the overall pass-rate is 31.29%, a decline from the performance in the last 2 years (38.81% and 36.57% in 2012 and 2013 respectively).  This implies that over six of every ten candidates that took the exams failed. This is still above the 10 year average of 23.64%.

Only one region recorded a pass rate of more than average-the South-Eastern region had a 64% pass-rate which is far above the performance of the other regions. The North-east is the worst performing region.

Going by the state by state statistics, only six states had a pass-rate above average-Anambra, Abia, Edo, Rivers, and Enugu states while Lagos, Imo and Delta states had pass rates above 40%. This implies that 28 of the 36 states and FCT had pass rates below 40 percent. This is embarrassing.

All said and done, this is a call to all incoming public office holders that there is need for prioritisation of Education as a key pillar of any society.